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South Korea, Japan On Edge As Virus Spreads, Hits Economic Activity

“The coronavirus appears to have hit trade quite a bit”.

“It may be a much longer road”, CIO of the investment solutions group at State Street told Bloomberg TV on Friday, commenting on the economic fallout from the coronavirus.

As the week comes to a close, cases outside of mainland China are multiplying, causing considerable consternation among market participants. As documented here on Thursday, South Korea is becoming a hot zone. The number of reported cases jumped 48 on Friday, bringing the total to 204.

China now has 75,465 reported cases – officially, anyway. At this point, the data out of China is being revised on a near daily basis, with sometimes conflicting rationales, making it virtually impossible to get a clean read on the situation.

While South Korea’s case total is more than twice as large as Japan’s, some say the situation in Japan is more worrisome. Bloomberg sums it up, writing that “Japan is seeing cases in multiple, unconnected areas across the country and authorities have been scrambling to understand where they’re coming from”.

Clearly, the Diamond Princess cruise ship situation has raised all manner of alarm bells, and some fret that those evacuated from the vessel may be carrying the virus even as they test negative – that is, they could be fine one day, and then sick the next. As the director of the School of Public Health at Hong Kong University, Keiji Fukuda, put it: “That’s just how infections work”.

Japanese and Korean equities have responded to the threat this week. Although Japanese shares stabilized over the past three sessions thanks in part to the tumbling yen, the Topix has fallen for two straight weeks.

The Kospi, meanwhile, fell sharply Friday, brining this week’s losses to more than 3.5%. The won is feeling the pain too.

First-20 days export figures out Friday showed exports to China (South Korea’s largest trading partner), shrank 3.7% and imports from the country slumped 19%. It will probably get worse before it gets better.

Overall, shipments during the first 20 days of February were up 12.4%, but that’s not wholly reliable. In addition to not capturing the entirety of the month (which, given the virus is rippling out across the region, is important) the data is also distorted by three additional working days due to Lunar New Year effects.

Analysts cautioned markets should focus on average exports per working day, which contracted more than 9%, almost triple the fall seen during the first 10 days of February. That’s a direct consequence of the virus.

“The outbreak of the virus significantly pulled down shipments out of Korea, and it will only worsen in the coming months”, Reuters quotes Standard Chartered Korea economist Park Chong-hoon as saying on Friday.

Total shipments to China, South Korea’s biggest trade partner, fell 3.7% despite the period having more working days than last year. Imports from China plunged 19%.

“The coronavirus appears to have hit trade quite a bit”, Lee Hong-bae, a professor of international trade at South Korea’s Dong-Eui University told Bloomberg. “The fall in both exports and imports with China shows the supply chain is sputtering”.


5 comments on “South Korea, Japan On Edge As Virus Spreads, Hits Economic Activity

  1. Indeed. Travel restrictions and social distancing measures; coming soon to a country near you.

  2. Sure feels like the cat is already out of the bag in several busy, densely-populated countries with lots of international flights coming and going each day. I can’t see how this doesn’t spread rapidly throughout major cities that don’t possess the iron fist of the Chinese Government.

  3. I’ve been reading the science and it seems, at least to me, that the spread can’t be stopped. The key to reading this is the growth outside of China. If it doubles by next weekend, we are in trouble. If the doubling time becomes shorter and shorter, we will have bigger things to worry about than the markets.

    The algos, by now, have this written into their programs. A jump in the numbers or where the numbers are geographically located initiates a sell sequence. Rinse and repeat.

    • Agreed. If R0 is truly 4-5 (per the DARPA/Los Alamos study) and infected individuals can carry the virus asymptomatically for 3-4 weeks, it’s likely a lost cause at this point. I doubt other countries will be as effective as China has been (albeit belatedly) in enforcing strict quarantine.

      Seems like we’re in for a long fight, and the best bets may be anti-virals, a vaccine, or, if we’re really lucky, warmer weather (I’m doubtful on this one).

  4. “In 2018, the Trump administration fired the government’s entire pandemic response chain of command, including the White House management infrastructure. In numerous phone calls and emails with key agencies across the U.S. government, the only consistent response I encountered was distressed confusion.”

    https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/01/31/coronavirus-china-trump-united-states-public-health-emergency-response/

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