This Is What A Broken Market Looks Like: No One Traded 10Y JGBs On Tuesday

You know, I saw this yesterday and I wasn’t going to dedicate a separate post to it, but I think I will because if nothing else, it’s absurd and readers seem to like things that are absurd (like “Space Force“, for instance).

Early yesterday morning, I tweeted this:

So on Tuesday, not a single 10Y JGB traded. That was the first time we’ve seen a completely lifeless session since June 29.

 

“As the key 10-year bond was not traded, the JGB market was generally thin,” Barclays’ Naoya Oshikubo noted, rather dryly. “It was difficult for markets, including stocks and currencies, to move ahead of the U.S. data”, he added.

Yeah, I mean markets were hesitant ahead of CPI in the U.S., but we all know what’s going on here. Kuroda has cornered the JGB market. He owns something like 40% of it and on some issues, he’s damn near the only game in town.

I don’t want to spend a ton of time on this, but suffice to say it’s not entirely clear how this market is going to respond if he ever pulls out (although full disclosure, I have never spoken to Kuroda about how prone to “pulling out” he is). Recall these charts from BofAML out last summer:

NoTrading

Again, those are dated, but for what it’s worth, here’s the commentary that accompanied them last June:

JGB transactions by megabanks in the secondary market have greatly declined since QQE was introduced. Before QQE, these transactions averaged slightly less than ¥30trn per month, but they have sunk by 90% to about ¥3trn recently (Chart 7). The JGB market’s volatility sharply declined after the introduction of YCC, giving the impression that the policy was working effectively.

However, in a market with reduced liquidity and activity, attention should be paid to the risk that a slight movement could send volatility much higher. In the past, BoJ policy changes have been followed by reduced liquidity and higher volatility (Chart 8).

That bolded bit is obviously key. The BoJ isn’t completely oblivious to this and indeed, it’s one reason why the so-called “stealth taper” will likely continue apace.

“We expect QE to see a further dilution of the guideline for JGB purchases (JPY80trn/year) due to the shortage of JGBs available in the market, and project that stealth tapering will take the annualized pace of buying to JPY37.5trn in FY19 from JPY49.9trn in FY17 and JPY72.5trn in FY16,” Barclays wrote last week, on the way to pushing out their forecast for BoJ normalization in light of tightening financial conditions (think: equity selloff and yen appreciation).

This is becoming an increasingly difficult exercise for Kuroda. Against the current backdrop – characterized as it is by Trump’s adoption of weak dollar policy by proxy – any nod to normalization and indeed any sign that the above-mentioned “stealth taper” is proceeding, is met almost immediately with an outsized FX reaction which further tightens financial conditions, making an exit even less plausible. In other words: it looks like he’s missing his window here.

As Bloomberg half-joking writes on Wednesday, “the upside for the BOJ is that with such little going on in the [JGB] market, it makes it easier to control the yield curve, with less need for intervention.”

Right. But I’m not sure that’s ideal. Here’s Barclays’ new model forecast for BoJ normalization:

BoJNormal

And to underscore the point about just how dominant the BoJ is in the JGB market and thus to simultaneously reiterate the notion that any exit by Kuroda could be problematic, here is the full breakdown of their holdings via Citi…

BoJBonds1

BOJBonds2

BOJBonds3

 

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