economy Markets

Sane Policies Are Not ‘Virtue Signaling’ (And Other Takeaways From The IMF’s New Outlook)

For what it’s worth — which at this juncture probably isn’t much — the IMF offered a more optimistic take on the global economy Tuesday compared to the fund’s June forecast.

Of course, “optimistic” is an extremely relative term these days. Indeed, it’s probably a misnomer.

“We continue to project a deep recession in 2020,” Gita Gopinath, director of the IMF’s research department, wrote, in a post accompanying the fund’s latest World Economic Outlook. “Global growth is projected to be -4.4%, an upward revision of 0.8% compared to our June update.”

As you can see, we’re a long way from what the fund was projecting pre-pandemic.

Gopinath cites fiscal and monetary support in helping the world dig its way out of the deepest hole in a century, but implores policymakers to do more. “This is the worst crisis since the Great Depression, and it will take significant innovation on the policy front, at both the national and international levels to recover from this calamity,” she says.

Only in China will output exceed 2019 levels this year, the IMF projects. Advanced economies will contract 5.8%, the new forecasts suggest, a significantly better outcome than the 8.1% decline seen in June, but still dour indeed. Emerging markets ex-China saw their outlook downgraded for the second time in six months.

Perhaps the most notable bit comes from Gopinath’s attempt to quantify the longer-term effects of the structural damage.

“This crisis will likely leave scars well into the medium term as labor markets take time to heal, investment is held back by uncertainty and balance sheet problems, and lost schooling impairs human capital,” she laments, on the way to noting that “the cumulative loss in output relative to the pre-pandemic projected path is projected to grow from 11 trillion over 2020–21 to 28 trillion over 2020–25.”

The IMF insists that policymakers and governments need to do more, including implementing the kinds of structural reforms that protect jobs and livelihoods and prevent temporary displacement and lost output from becoming permanent. To wit:

Governments should continue to provide income support through well targeted cash transfers, wage subsidies, and unemployment insurance. To prevent large scale bankruptcies and ensure workers can return to productive jobs, vulnerable but viable firms should continue to receive support—wherever possible—through tax deferrals, moratoria on debt service, and equity-like injections.

The fund delivers the boilerplate exhortation to (for lack of a better word) sanity, calling for more progressive taxes, higher corporate tax rates, and investments in “health, digital infrastructure, green infrastructure, and education,” all of which “can help achieve productive, inclusive, and sustainable growth.”

Gopinath also calls for “expanding the safety net where gaps exist” so as to “ensure the most vulnerable are protected while supporting near-term activity.”

The problem, to speak frankly, is that for the privileged classes in advanced economies (and you can interpret “privileged” however you see fit), common sense solutions to the world’s myriad socioeconomic problems are almost always equated with “virtue signaling.”

If you’re doing well, and your family has plenty to eat, and your children don’t have to grow up under the shadow of poverty and racism, then you’re free to simply characterize progressive policy prescriptions as a “wish list” or otherwise deride exhortations for objectively good outcomes as the naive musings of an idealistic child.

But the pandemic has thrown pervasive inequities and injustices into sharp relief in the US, where the failings of the country’s social safety net are manifesting in, for example, food insecurity for tens of millions of Americans.

These issues can no longer be brushed aside by society’s fortunate aloof. They aren’t the sole purview of faraway lands and frontier economies. Rather, they are knocking on the door, both figuratively and, in the case of widespread social unrest in the US, almost literally.

When it comes to climate change, I’m no green crusader, but I know a problem when I see it (unless the problem involves Balvenie DoubleWood, in which case I won’t pick up on it until I’m in a hospital bed). And while I may be able to safely ignore it personally because I have no children and likely won’t live long enough to see the planet become uninhabitable, everyone else probably needs to wake up.

Again, the pandemic has thrown all of the above into stark relief, and as the IMF reminded the world on Tuesday, “recovery is not assured.”


Via The IMF

ExecSum

11 comments on “Sane Policies Are Not ‘Virtue Signaling’ (And Other Takeaways From The IMF’s New Outlook)

  1. John3D says:

    For anyone who hasn’t read Jared Diamond’s book Collapse, now might be a good time to do so.

    • runamok says:

      Oh, and for interested readers, also be sure to not miss the Joseph A. Tainter title.

    • Tom says:

      While Collapse is worth reading, it is worth noting that Jared Diamond got a great deal wrong. In fact, there is a collection of essays under the title, Questioning Collapse, that addresses a number of the more significant problems with Diamond’s research and conclusions.

      • kilo says:

        Tom, have you read Collapse? Or did you just go to the Wikipedia article and rip off a line from their Criticisms section? From the Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed article on Wikipedia:

        “The book Questioning Collapse (Cambridge University Press, 2010) is a collection of essays by anthropologists criticizing various aspects of Diamond’s books Collapse and Guns, Germs, and Steel.”

        And for that matter, have you read any of the essays in Questioning Collapse? I haven’t read Collapse, and won’t pretend that I did. I have, however, read a good portion of Diamond’s “The World Until Yesterday” and if Collapse is even half as thorough as that book, then it is definitely worth a read.

        Also, when you say “Diamond got a great deal wrong”, what does that even mean? How much is a “great deal” and was it wrong or is it just that not every anthropologist in the world agrees 100% with all of his conclusions? If you haven’t read Collapse, and you haven’t read any of the essays from Questioning Collapse, then I fail to understand why you would make a statement like this which undermines what is most likely a very comprehensive and well researched text if it even remotely compares to The World Until Yesterday.

        John3D, I’m guessing this is probably a great book recommendation. If I can find some time to put into Collapse, I’ll definitely make the effort to read it considering how much I enjoyed the perspectives in The World Until Yesterday. Thanks!

        • Tom says:

          I have read Collapse as well as various published criticisms of it. If you wish to know what Diamond got wrong, I suggest that you do the same.

          The fact that you have read neither Collapse nor the book of essays criticizing it, yet still felt compelled to reply to my post is rather telling. But then this is not the first time that you have taken issue with something that I have written.

          Heisenberg indeterminacy indeed.

        • John3D says:

          I’m pretty sure smart people can find stuff wrong in most (if not all) books. What I took from Collapse is how willing humans are to ignore their own behavior even as its destroying their habitat. A great many places in this world could no longer support their populations if they were isolated. When do we reach the tipping point?

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