euro europe S&P 500

One Analyst Compared US Stocks To European Stocks – Here’s What He Found

So one of the things we (and others) noted going into the first round of the French elections was that investors and traders were hardly bearish on anything European.

“Overweight” European equities was on everyone’s reco list, € credit was (still) asleep at the wheel despite sovereign spreads’ best efforts to convey redenomination risk, and as for the perceptible hedging in the euro, well it was just that – hedging. Which meant a whole lot of people were long (see here for more than you ever wanted to know about that).

Well, now that the market got what it wanted (the heavily-favored Macron in the runoff), it’s worth asking if the bull thesis for eurozone stocks has become even more compelling.

That’s what SocGen’s Andrew Lapthorne set out to explore on Wednesday by way of a comparison with US equities. What he found was more interesting for what it said about the US than for what it said about Europe. Specifically: US equities are really, really expensive.

Excerpts from his latest note are below.

Via SocGen

Enthusiasm for Eurozone equities was already on the rise before the market pleasing firstround of the French election. But even before this week’s rises Eurozone equities were outperforming the global developed market benchmark. Pro-Eurozone equity arguments are based on expectations of a long-awaited profit recovery, relatively attractive valuations and ‘a sense’ that the worst is now over for its financial sector. A good starting point is to look at each one of these questions one by one. For the sake of simplicity we will focus on a Eurozone (or Europe ex UK when we lack the necessary history) versus US comparison.

Firstly, are Eurozone valuations notably ‘cheap’ and/or ‘cheap’ versus other regions? The chart below clearly shows the Eurozone to be trading at a discount to the US, but this 20% P/E discount versus the US has been reasonably consistent over the last 15 years and both the US and the Eurozone are trading at a 20% premium to their 15 year history, or less if you include the TMT bubble.


So currently aggregate 12m forward valuations are not particularly attractive. However any comparison between markets is likely to bring up regional sector composition arguments with the US bulging with exciting mega-cap tech stocks whilst the Eurozone is inflicted with large yet still struggling Financials. Our simplest way of measuring stock picking potential in any market is to look at the median valuation measures as these help neutralise many of the market composition arguments.

But again even on these measures the Eurozone does not look particularly attractive, but the US does look extremely expensive. Indeed this is where a big difference between the two regions starts to emerge, particularly when observed on an EV/EBITDA basis with the US trading at a 30% premium to its average compared to a 13% premium for the Eurozone. Again neither is ‘cheap’, and therefore a large part of the apparent valuation attraction could be a lack of choices elsewhere.


The biggest gap however can be seen when we look at cyclically adjusted P/E ratios (CAPE) or those based on some moving average or trend-based earnings denominator. What is apparent from this analysis is that for a large part of the last 40 years, Europe ex UK equities and US equities traded on very similar trend P/E valuations and it was only during the Eurozone crisis that a significant break opened up.


There’s more, but you get the idea. While eurozone stocks may not be cheap relative to history, they’re cheap relative to the US, where equities have run far ahead of anything that even approximates rationality.

Ultimately though, the scariest chart of all is probably this one:




4 comments on “One Analyst Compared US Stocks To European Stocks – Here’s What He Found

  1. Anonymous

    Hardly bearish on anything? What about the currency? Vols were bid up no?

  2. Well from what I understand the US can hold these valuations because the interest rates are so low. Much higher in Europe…no wait.

  3. While Eurozone stocks seem notably “cheaper” than US stocks, it seems to me that the leading EZ stocks and the leading US stocks, say the S&P 100 really do a lot of their business in the other guys’ backyard. The companies aren’t that different. Nestle, Unilever, Philips, etc. get a huge proportion of their business in the US, just as P&G J&J and other drug stocks, and other consumer companies do in Europe. The biggest US and the biggest Euro stocks are all really global stocks doing major business in all parts of the world. Euro stocks may be cheaper but retail customers pay scant attention to which of the two groups act better after currency adjustments and interest rate differences. As much as I want to love many of the big Euro stocks, I’ve never seen them produce superior net long-run returns compared to US equities.

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